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The Village of Breuckelen, named for Breukelen in the province of Utrecht in the Netherlands, was authorized by the Dutch West India Company in 1646; it became the first true municipality in what is now New York State.At the time, Breuckelen was part of New Netherland.Since 1990 the Borough President has acted as an advocate for the borough at the mayoral agencies, the City Council, the New York state government, and corporations.Brooklyn's Borough President is Marty Markowitz, elected as a Democrat in 2001 and re-elected in 2005.The Dutch were the first Europeans to settle in the area on the western end of Long Island, then largely inhabited by a Native American people, the Lenape (often erroneously referred to by the Lenape place-name, "Canarsee", in contemporary colonial documents).The first Dutch settlements, established in 1634, were called Midwout (Midwood) and Flatbush (Vlacke Bos).Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! Brooklyn was an independent city until its consolidation with New York City in 1898, and continues to maintain a distinct culture, independent art scene, and unique architectural heritage.
The office of Borough President was created in the consolidation of 1898 to balance centralization with local authority.Each borough president had a powerful administrative role derived from having a vote on the New York City Board of Estimate, which was responsible for creating and approving the city's budget and proposals for land use.In 1989, the Supreme Court of the United States declared the Board of Estimate unconstitutional because Brooklyn, the most populous borough, had no greater effective representation on the Board than Staten Island, the least populous borough, a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment's Equal Protection Clause pursuant to the high court's 1964 "one man, one vote" decision.In 1894, Brooklyn residents voted, by a slight majority, to join with Manhattan, The Bronx, Queens, and Richmond (later Staten Island) to become the five boroughs of the modern New York City. Kings County, nonetheless, retained its status as one of New York State's counties.Since consolidation with New York City in 1898, Brooklyn has been governed by the New York City Charter that provides for a "strong" mayor-council system.